Evelina Landova – From a Rich Czech Girl to a Tortured Prisoner Enslaved by the NAZIS – Auschwitz

Evelina Landová arrived in Auschwitz-Birkenau in December 1943 after having spent 1,5 years in the Theresienstadt Ghetto. Evelina was sent to the camp together with her parents leaving her pregnant sister Lisa behind in Theresienstadt. While at Theresienstadt life was worth something, at Auschwitz-Birkenau however this was no longer the case. Birkenau, the largest of the more than 40 camps and sub-camps that made up the Auschwitz complex, served as a center for the extermination of Jews.

Unlike other transports from German-occupied Europe, deportees from Theresienstadt did not have to pass the selection. After men and women were separated, the prisoners took a cold shower in the so called “Sauna”. Then they were given old civilian rags and worn shoes, not striped uniforms as the rest of the Auschwitz prisoners. Afterwards, all the prisoners were tattooed on their left arms. From that moment Evelina was not called by her name anymore; she became only a number: 71,266.

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